Does Car Insurance Cover Theft?    

Honest Policy

Honest Policy

Car jacking with screwdriver

Comprehensive coverage (a component of most car insurance policies) pays to cover theft of a car. Unfortunately, comprehensive insurance will not reimburse you for any personal items that may have been inside that stolen vehicle. But there are other types of insurance, explained below, that help you recover more for the loss of your car and the items that were in it.  

How does insurance cover for car theft?

Celebrity chef Guy Fieri probably asked this very question back in 2011. That’s when a 16-year-old rappelled into a car dealership and stole Fieri’s yellow Lamborghini[1]. Presumably, Fieri had full coverage on his Lambo and filed a claim with his insurer.

Full coverage in the auto insurance world usually means a combination of liability insurance, uninsured motorist protection, personal injury protection or medical payments coverage, collision coverage, and comprehensive coverage[2]. These all provide different forms of protection, but it’s the comprehensive coverage that comes into play when your vehicle is stolen. While not having comprehensive is one of a few ways to save on insurance, we don’t recommend skipping it. It is one of the cheapest coverages on a typical policy, far cheaper than collision coverage. 

Comprehensive insurance

Comprehensive insurance helps pay for car damage that didn’t result from a collision. Theft is in that category, as well as damage from vandalism, fire, natural disasters, or falling tree branches. In non-theft situations, you’d file a claim for the damages and the insurer would pay for necessary repairs, less your deductible. When someone steals your car, the “damages” equal the replacement value of your car, also known as actual cash value or ACV.

Replacement value, unfortunately, does not equal what you paid for the car. The car today naturally has less value than the day you bought it. And so, the replacement value will be lower. Not only that, but you have to pay your deductible on this claim, too.

Also, most insurers do impose a waiting period before they’ll pay the claim on a stolen car. It’s typically 30 days from the date the car disappeared[3]. Ask your insurance adjuster for the specifics on your policy.

How gap insurance may help

If you financed your car, the replacement value paid out by your insurer may be less than what you owe on your car loan. It’s easy to see why you’d want to avoid this scenario. Your car gets stolen, your insurance company pays the claim, and then you still have to pay more, out-of-pocket, to close out the loan. This tends to happen when:

  • you bought the car with a very small downpayment,
  • your loan term is very long, like 60 months or more,  
  • the make and model you purchased doesn’t hold its resale value well, or
  • you drive a lot and the added miles reduce your car’s value quickly.

Gap insurance is an affordable way to avoid this outcome; it will cover the shortfall between the car’s replacement value and your loan balance. If you add gap insurance to an existing policy, it usually costs about $20 a year. Some dealerships and auto lenders may try to sell you more expensive gap insurance for a flat fee, and that can cost $500 or more[4].

Will car insurance cover: 5 car theft scenarios

Sadly, thieves are not one-trick ponies. One bad guy might drive away in your car, and another might simply break in and take the laptop that’s sitting on the passenger seat. These are very different scenarios for your insurance carrier to address. Here’s a look at five theft-related situations, and how your insurance provider will handle them.

1. You left the keys in the car.

Never leave your keys in the car. It makes the car an easy target for thieves, it could cause your insurer to deny your claim, and it may be a violation of state law. Read the fine print of your policy; you’re looking for exclusions on your comprehensive coverage and language on negligent theft. If you live in Texas, you’ll definitely have trouble getting an insurer to pay your claim — it’s actually illegal in your state to leave your car unattended with the keys inside[5].

Even if the insurer does pay out the replacement cost, you’re likely to see your rates increase. Your carrier may even cancel your coverage after the fact.

2. Your car was broken into and damaged, but not stolen.

Thieves aren’t known for being tidy or subtle. Unless you left the doors unlocked, a car break-in usually leaves a mess behind: broken windshield or window, a picked lock, or a pried-open trunk lid. Comprehensive coverage will pay for this damage, less your deductible. Take care to document everything unusual with photos and file a police report to increase the strength of your claim.

3. Someone broke into your car and stole items.

Stealing items from unattended car

Your car insurance will cover your car, but not theft of your personal items — even if someone steals them during a vehicle break-in. You have another option, though. Your homeowners or renter’s insurance policy should cover the stuff nabbed from your car. You could file one claim with your auto insurer for the damage to your car, and a separate claim with your homeowners or renters carrier to get reimbursed for your things. Of course, if your homeowners or renters policy has a high deductible, this strategy only makes sense if the thief walked away with high-value items.

4. Your car was stolen and recovered later.

Nationwide, nearly 60% of all stolen vehicles are eventually recovered[6]. If your car is found before the claim is paid and has only minor damage, your comprehensive coverage would pay for the necessary repairs, less your deductible. If you find your car after you’ve been paid out the replacement value, then your insurer assumes ownership of the car. You may have the option to buy the car back from the insurance company at a low price.

5. Your stolen car had pricey aftermarket upgrades.

The replacement value of your stolen car won’t reflect your aftermarket upgrades unless you have extra coverage specifically for those parts. The same idea applies if a thief leaves the car in place, but walks off with your aftermarket wheels and tires. Your comprehensive insurance will pay for new factory wheels and tires only.

How to protect yourself from car thieves and vandals

You never come out ahead when someone steals your car. At a minimum, you’ll pay out your comprehensive deductible. In the worst-case scenario, you’ll fund the deductible, reach into your pocket to pay off your car loan, and also have to replace the MacBook, iPhone, and TomTom that were in the car. It’s smart to hedge against those outcomes. Particularly so when driving a model commonly targeted by thieves. Here’s a list of the 10-most stolen vehicles, according to National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB):[7] 

  1. Honda Civic
  2. Honda Accord
  3. Full-size Ford Pickup
  4. Full-size Chevrolet Pickup
  5. Toyota Camry
  6. Nissan Altima
  7. Toyota Corolla
  8. Full-size GMC Pickup
  9. Full-size Dodge Ram Pickup
  10. Jeep Cherokee or Grand Cherokee

The gist is, if you drive a Honda or Toyota sedan, a full-size pickup, or a Jeep Cherokee, you’re already at higher risk of having your car stolen. Protect yourself by following these seven best practices.

  1. Always lock your doors.
  2. Always remove the keys from the car. According to the National Insurance Crime Bureau, nearly 82,000 vehicles were stolen in 2018 with the keys left inside[8].
  3. Conceal all valuables. Don’t leave briefcases, wallets, purses, or phones sitting on the front seat.
  4. Use The Club, which locks your steering wheel.
  5. Use wheel locks, which keep your wheels in place. A thief who’s going to sell the parts off your car would prefer not to meddle with wheel locks.
  6. Have someone etch your VIN into the windshield. A car with the VIN etched in the windshield is a less attractive target for thieves[9].
  7. Park in well-lit spots.

What to do when your car is stolen

Reach around door open theft

Before someone drives off with your car, organize your ownership documents. Have the VIN, plus proof of registration and insurance on hand. That’ll make things easier if you do have to file a stolen vehicle claim.

Once you realize your car has been lifted, call the police and file a report. Keep the report number on hand. Then, notify your insurance carrier and your auto lender within 24 hours. Expect some back and forth with your claims adjuster. Do your best to be available and answer all questions quickly. If financed, keep making your payments until the claim is resolved. Your gap insurance won’t cover late payments on your loan.

Chances are, you don’t drive a yellow Lambo — but that doesn’t mean your car isn’t important to you, or that you don’t need to get that replacement value payout, fast. To move the process forward, get organized, and respond to all queries from the police, your insurance carrier, and your auto lender.

Sources

[1] Pera, M. (2019, December 20). Guy Fieri Lamborghini theft: Notorious convict Max Wade seeks lighter sentence. Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://www.mercurynews.com/2019/12/20/marin-lamborghini-thief-max-wade-seeks-lighter-sentence/

[2] Megna, M. (2017, March 13). Full coverage car insurance explained. Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://www.insurance.com/auto-insurance/coverage/full-coverage.html

[3] Holloway, C. (n.d.). Car Insurance for a Stolen Car. Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://accident-law.freeadvice.com/accident-law/auto/car-insurance-stolen-car.htm

[4] What’s UP with Gap Insurance? (2016, March 11). Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://www.uphelp.org/pubs/what’s-gap-insurance

[5] Texas Transportation Code § 545.404. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://codes.findlaw.com/tx/transportation-code/transp-sect-545-404.html

[6] Arevalo, T. (n.d.). Most Essential Car Theft Statistics, Facts & Trends for 2020. Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://carsurance.net/blog/car-theft-statistics/

[7] NICB’s Hot Wheels: America’s 10 Most Stolen Vehicles (2018 Data). (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://www.nicb.org/news/news-releases/nicbs-hot-wheels-americas-10-most-stolen-vehicles-2018-data

[8] Warning, Warming-Up Your Vehicle Could Cost You. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://www.nicb.org/news/news-releases/warning-warming-your-vehicle-could-cost-you

[9] VIN Etching Fact Sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2020, from https://www.allstate.com/resources/allstate/attachments/tools-and-resources/vin-etching-fact-sheet.pdf

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